UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis (2023)

The GS 4 paper is an essential part of the UPSC paper. It assesses the candidates’ ethical and moral values, integrity, aptitude, and decision-making abilities. The pattern of the paper is designed to evaluate the candidates’ skills and their ability to handle complex and practical situations effectively. Hence, it is crucial for candidates to prepare well for the exam and familiarize themselves with the pattern of the GS 4 paper.

Overview of UPSC Mains GS Paper 4

Mains GS Paper 4 is an essential part of the Civil Services Examination as it tests the ethical and moral capabilities of the candidates. The paper is designed to assess a candidate’s understanding of ethical and moral values, integrity and aptitude. It comprises a total of 250 marks, and the time duration for the exam is three hours.

The GS paper 4 syllabusconsists of several sections, such as ethics and integrity, attitude, emotional intelligence, public service values, and probity in governance. The questions related to case studies in the ethics paper, require candidates to analyse specific situations effectively and apply principles of ethical reasoning to find a way out that benefits the society as a whole.

Candidates must have a proficient knowledge of various ethical and moral codes of conduct, principles of administration, and decision-making procedures to excel in the exam. With the help of regular practice, and through the application of practical knowledge, candidates can ace the Mains GS Paper 4.

Also Read, GS Paper 3 syllabus

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4: Exam pattern

  • The General Studies 4 of UPSC mainspaper is a crucial paper that tests the ethics, integrity and aptitude of the candidates.
  • The paper consists of 12 questions, which are usually divided into two sections, A and B.
  • The duration of the paper is three hours and it carries a weightage of 250 marks.
  • The GS paper 4 is different from the other papers as it doesn’t test the theoretical knowledge of the candidates, rather it evaluates their decision-making skills, analytical abilities, and problem-solving skills.
  • The paper comprises questions related to ethics and human interface, integrity, attitude, and aptitude.
  • The pattern of the GS paper 4 comprises case studies, scenario-based questions, and also includes a few theoretical concepts related to ethics and integrity.
  • The candidates need to demonstrate their critical thinking, decision-making, and analytical skills while answering the questions.

Also Read, UPSC Prelims

The importance of keeping up with the UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis

  1. It is essential to keep up with the latest UPSC Mains GS Paper 4analysisas it covers a wide range of topics related to ethics, integrity and aptitude. The exam assesses the ethical principles that govern an individual’s behaviour and decision-making abilities in the public sphere.
  2. The relevance of the topics discussed in GS Paper 4 is crucial not only for the exam but also to instil a sense of responsibility in individuals towards society.
  3. The latest UPSC Mains GS Paper 4analysisincludes emerging ethical issues, the impact of technology on society, environmental concerns, and governance challenges.
  4. It is essential to understand the nuances of the issues discussed in Paper 4, keeping in view the ethical considerations involved. With the changing times, the expectations from public servants have evolved, and it becomes imperative to adapt to the changing needs.
  5. Moreover, keeping up with the latest trends enhances an individual’s ability to approach complex ethical dilemmas with a nuanced perspective. It makes the individual proficient in evaluating situations objectively and align their decisions with ethical principles.
  6. Therefore, regular updates related to UPSC Mains GS Paper 4via newspapers, journals, and online resources, etc. can help develop a comprehensive understanding of ethical issues.

Also Read, GS Paper 1 syllabus

Factors that influence the UPSC Mains GS Paper 4analysis

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4analysis is influenced by various factors that shape the nature and scope of the questions asked.

Firstly, changing societal norms and values play a crucial role in shaping the ethical and moral dimensions of decision-making. The examination board increasingly looks for candidates who can demonstrate a nuanced understanding of ethical dilemmas.

Secondly, the changing nature of governance demands a thorough understanding of governance mechanisms, their roles and responsibilities. This includes an in-depth knowledge of administrative ethics, public service values, transparency and accountability frameworks.

Thirdly, emerging issues like artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, data privacy etc., calls for a deeper reflection on the ethical dimensions involved in such topics. Therefore candidates are required to stay abreast with these emerging trends to tackle such questions effectively.

Overall these diverse factors necessitate an integrated approach towards trend analysis that draws upon interdisciplinary insights from varied fields ranging from philosophy to technology.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis: Analysis of past years’ question papers (2016)

In order to gain a better understanding of the analysis of UPSC Mains GS Paper 4, it is important to conduct a thorough analysis of past years’ question papers. By doing so, candidates can identify patterns and trends in the types of questions asked and the topics covered.

Upon reviewing previous years’ papers, it becomes evident that the weightage given to ethical and moral values has increased significantly. Candidates should focus on developing their ability to think critically about real-world ethical issues and make informed decisions based on sound moral principles.

Basic Theory
  1. Explain how ethics contributes to social and human well-being.
  2. Law and ethics are considered to be the two tools for controlling human conduct so as to make it conducive to civilized social existence. (a) Discuss how they achieve this objective. (b) Giving examples, show how the two differ in their approaches.
Emotional Quotient
  1. Anger is a harmful negative emotion. It is injurious to both personal life and work life. (a) Discuss how it leads to negative emotions and undesirable behaviours. (b) How can it be managed and controlled?
  1. Discuss Mahatma Gandhi’s concept of seven sins.
  2. Analyse John Rawls’s concept of social justice in the Indian context.
  3. Corruption causes misuse of government treasury, Administrative inefficiency and obstruction in the path of national Development. Discuss Kautilya’s views.
  4. Max Weber said that it is not wise to apply to public administration the sort of moral and ethical norms we apply to matters of personal conscience. It is important to realise that the State bureaucracy might possess its own independent bureaucratic morality. Critically analyse this statement.
Family and Society
  1. Our attitudes towards life, work, other people and society are generally shaped unconsciously by the family and social surroundings in which we grow up. Some of these unconsciously acquired attitudes and values are often undesirable in the citizens of modern democratic and egalitarian society. (a) Discuss such undesirable values prevalent in today’s educated Indians. (b) How can such undesirable attitudes be changed and socio-ethical values be cultivated in the aspiring and serving civil servants?
Social Influence
  1. How could social influence and persuasion contribute to the success of Swatchh Bharat Abhiyan?
Civil Service Aptitude
  1. Why should impartiality and non-partisanship be considered foundational values in public services, especially in the present-day socio-political context? Illustrate your answer with examples.
  1. What do you understand by the terms ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and ‘ethical governance’?
Code Of Conduct
  1. Discuss the Public Services Code as recommended by the 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission.

Case Study Questions

Family and Society:

Q.You are a young, aspiring and sincere employee in a Government office working as an assistant to the director of your deportment. Since you’ve joined recently, you need to learn and progress. Luckily your superior is very kind and ready to train you for your job. He is a very intelligent and well-informed person having knowledge of various departments. In short, you respect your book and are looking forward to learning a lot from him.

Since you’ve good tuning with the boss, he started depending on you. One day due to ill health he invited you to his place to finish some urgent work. You reached his house and you heard shouting noises before you could ring the bell. You waited for a while. After entering, the boss greeted you and explained the work. But you were constantly disturbed by the crying of a woman. At last, you inquired with the boss but his answer did not satisfy you. Next day, you were compelled to inquire further in the office and found out that his behaviour is very hard at home with his wife. He also beat up his wife.

His wife is not well educated and is a simple woman in comparison to her husband. You see that though your boss is a nice person in the office, he is engaged in domestic violence at home. In such a situation, you are left with the following options. Analyse each option with its consequences.

  1. Just ignore thinking about it because it is their personal matter.
  2. Report the case to the appropriate authority.
  3. Your own innovative approach towards the situation.


Q.Suppose you are an officer in-charge of implementing a social service scheme to provide support to old and destitute women. An old and illiterate woman comes to you to avail the benefits of the scheme. However, she has no documents to show that she fulfils the eligibility criteria. But after meeting her and listening to her you feel that she certainly needs support. Your enquiries also show that she is really destitute and living in a pitiable condition. You are in a dilemma as to what to do. Putting her under the scheme without any documents would clearly be a violation of rules. But denying her the support would be cruel and inhuman.

  1. Can you think of a rational way to resolve this dilemma?
  2. Give your reasons for it.


Q.Land needed for mining, dams and other large-scale projects is acquired mostly from Adivasis, hill dwellers and rural communities. The displaced persons are paid monetary compensation as per the legal provisions. However, the payment is often tardy. In any case, it cannot sustain the displaced families for long. These people do not possess marketable skills to engage in some other occupation. They end up as low paid migrant labourers. Moreover, their lives are destroyed. Thus, the benefits of traditional ways of community development go to industries, industrialists and urban communities whereas the costs are passed on to these poor helpless people. This unjust distribution of costs and benefits is unethical. Suppose you have been entrusted with the task of drafting a better compensation-cum-rehabilitation policy for such displaced persons, how would you approach the problem and what would be the main elements of your suggested policy?


Q.Saraswati was a successful IT professional in USA. Moved by the patriotic sense of doing something for the country she returned to India. Together with some other like-minded friends, she formed an NGO to build a school for a poor rural community.

The objective of the school was to provide the best quality modern education at a nominal cost. She soon discovered that she had to seek permission from a number of Government agencies. The rules and procedures were quite confusing and cumbersome. What frustrated her most was the delays, callous attitude of officials and constant demand for bribes. Her experience and the experience of many others like her has deterred people from taking up social service projects.

A measure of Government control over voluntary social work is necessary. But it should not be exercised in a coercive or corrupt manner. What measures can you suggest to ensure that due control is exercised but well meaning, honest NGO efforts are not thwarted?

Private Organisations

Q a) A fresh engineering graduate gets a job in a prestigious chemical industry. She likes the work. The salary is also good. However, after a few months accidentally discovers that a highly toxic waste is being secretly discharged into a river nearby. This is causing health problems to the villagers downstream who depend on the river for their water needs. She is perturbed and mentions her concern to her colleagues who have been with the company for longer periods. They advise her to keep quiet as anyone who mentions the topic is summarily dismissed. She cannot risk losing her job as she is the sole bread-winner for her family and has to support her ailing parents and siblings.

At first, she thinks that if her seniors are keeping quiet, why should she stick out her neck. But her conscience pricks her to do something to save the river and the people who depend upon it. At heart she feels that the advice of silence given by her friends is not correct though she cannot give reasons for it. She thinks you are a wise person and seeks your advice.

  1. What arguments can you advance to show her that keeping quiet is not morally right?
  2. What course of action would you advise her to adopt and why?

Q b) ABC Ltd. is a large transnational company having diversified business activities with a huge shareholder base. The company is continuously expanding and generating employment. The company, in its expansion and diversification programme, decides to establish a new plant at Vikaspuri, an area which is underdeveloped. The new plant is designed to use energy efficient technology that will help the company to save production cost by 20%. The company’s decision goes well with the Government policy of attracting investment to develop such underdeveloped regions. The Government has also announced a tax holiday for five years for the companies that invest in underdeveloped areas. However, the new plant may bring chaos for the inhabitants of Vikaspuri region which is otherwise tranquil. The new plant may result in increased cost of living, aliens migrating to the region, disturbing the social and economic order. The company sensing the possible protest tried to educate the people of Vikaspuri region and public in general that how its Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policy would help overcome the likely difficulties of the residents of Vikaspuri region. In spite of this the protests began and some of the residents decided to approach the judiciary as their plea before the Government did not yield any result.

  1. Identify the issues involved in the case.
  2. What can be suggested to satisfy the Company’s goal and to address the resident’s concern.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis: Previous years’ marks analysis

Basics and thinkers80304070604060
Family and society10403540104060
Work and office1109085302000
Public organisation50705065305010
Private organisation02040451900
Case Studies120120120
  • As we evaluate the weightage given to different topics in GS Paper 4, it becomes clear that certain themes are more prominent than others.
  • For instance, questions related to basics and thinkers, family and society and public organisation have consistently been given significant weightage over the years.
  • This highlights the importance of understanding these values and how they apply to decision-making in various scenarios.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis: Theory VS Case Study Questions

To ensure a fair evaluation of the candidate’s overall understanding of ethical principles, both theory-based and case study-based questions need to be included in the Mains GS Paper 4. It is essential to strike a balance between the two to achieve an accurate evaluation of the candidate’s analytical skills and ethical behaviour.

TopicsYearsTheoryCase StudyTotal
Emotional Intelligence201622
Public Organisations201622
Probity in Governance2016213
  • The UPSC Mains GS Paper 4analysisshows that case study questions are being given equal importance as theory-based questions.
  • The main reason behind this could be attributed to the need to test the candidates on their practical application of ethical principles and decision-making abilities.
  • Case study questions are a great way to assess the candidate’s analytical skills and ability to apply their ethical principles in real-life situations.
  • They test the candidate’s ability to evaluate the situation, identify the relevant ethical issues and come up with a pragmatic solution.
  • This approach evaluates the candidate’s comprehension of the theory and their application skills as well.

UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 Analysis: Future Projections and Predictions

In looking ahead to future trends and projections for GS Paper 4, it’s clear that ethical and moral values will continue to play a critical role in the exam. Candidates who can demonstrate a strong understanding of these values and how they apply in real-world decision-making scenarios will be well-positioned to succeed on the exam.

Another key trend likely to continue in future years is an emphasis on practical application of ethical principles. This means that candidates will be expected not only to understand theoretical concepts, but also to demonstrate how they would apply those concepts in real-world situations.

Finally, it’s important to note that the overall importance of GS Paper 4 is unlikely to diminish any time soon. As society continues to grapple with complex ethical issues across various fields and industries, there will likely be an ever-increasing need for professionals who can navigate these challenges with skill and integrity.

For candidates willing to put in the effort required to master this challenging exam, the rewards could be significant – both professionally and personally.

The following articles given in the table below can be referred to for UPSC IAS exam preparation:
UPSC IAS Interview CoursesIAS Interview Questions Download
Old Interview TranscriptionsUPSC Interview Marks
UPSC IAS Interview 2023Notes For UPSC Interview

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What is the analysis of GS Paper 4?

Ans: A comprehensive trend analysis of UPSC Mains GS Paper 4 has been discussed above. Candidates can refer to it for enhancing their preparation strategy.

Q2. How to prepare for GS Paper 4 mains?

Ans: 1. Regularly read newspapers, magazines, and articles on varied themes like ethics, integrity, and civil services.

  1. Practice answer writing and take mock tests to gain proficiency in the subject.
  1. Attempt questions from the previous year’s paper to understand the kind of questions asked and the expected pattern.
  1. Create a mindset that aligns with ethical principles and integrity. This will help in going a long way in preparing effectively for this paper.

Q3. What are the maximum marks in GS Paper 4?

Ans: The GS Paper 4 is of total 250 marks.

Q4. What is a good score in Mains GS Paper 4?

Ans: A score in the range of 120-140 marks is considered to be a good score in Mains GS Paper 4.


What is the highest marks in GS Paper 4? ›

UPSC GS 4 Paper is of 250 marks and is one of the most scoring GS papers. If students score 120-130 marks in the paper, it is considered a very good score.

How many questions are on GS 4? ›

IAS (UPSC CSE) GS 4 is a descriptive paper of 3 hours with a total of 250 marks. IAS (UPSC CSE) GS 4 consists of 12 questions divided into two sections.

Which book is best for GS 4 UPSC quora? ›

  • Modern history- Old NCERT+ Spectrum.
  • Polity – Laxmikanth.
  • Geography- Class XI & XII NCERTs + GC Leong + daily revision of atlas+ Notes for UPSC IAS Civil Services Exam | PMF IAS + Mrunal » Competitive exams Preparation.

What is ethics in UPSC paper? ›

To define Ethics, “it is the branch of philosophy that involves a systematic study of human actions from the point of view of its rightfulness or wrongfulness.” It studies human behaviour and actions based on moral principles and values.

What is the highest marks in UPSC GS ever scored? ›

Anudeep Durishetty scored the highest marks ever in UPSC. In 2017, Anudeep secured AIR 1 by scoring 1126 out of 2025 in his 5th attempt. Anudeep secured 950 marks in the Mains exam and scored 176 in the personality test. In terms of percentage, he secured 55.60 percent.

What is the highest score in UPSC till now? ›

In 2017 UPSC exam, Anudeep Durishetty secured AIR 1 by scoring 1126 out of 2025 marks. Anudeep Durishetty has scored the highest marks ever in UPSC exam.

What is GS 4 equivalent to? ›

Military and Civilian Pay Grades
Military GradeRankCivilian Grade
E-6Petty Officer First ClassGS-5
E-5Petty Officer Second ClassGS-5
E-4Petty Officer Third ClassGS-4
E-3 to E-1SeamanGS-1-4
13 more rows

How do I prepare for gs4? ›

The following links will further help their candidates in their exam preparation:
  1. Learn from IAS Toppers.
  2. PIB Summary and Analysis.
  3. Take the Current Affairs Quiz.
  4. Download NCERT Notes for UPSC (Free)
  5. Download UPSC Notes PDF (Free)
  6. Take the IAS Mock Tests.

How many years does it take to get to GS Step 4? ›

As a GS employee, you have to wait one year to increase to a step 2, 3, or 4. You must wait two years before increasing to step 5, 6, or 7. Lastly, you must wait three years before increasing to step 8, 9, or 10.

What is the detailed syllabus of UPSC GS 4? ›

The detailed GS 4 Syllabus is mentioned below:
  • Ethics and Human Interface.
  • Attitude.
  • Aptitude.
  • Emotional Intelligence.
  • Contributions of Thinkers and Philosophers.
  • Public/ Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration.
  • Probity in Governance.
  • Concept of public service.

Which book is best for UPSC GS 4? ›

UPSC Mains Books for GS Paper 4

ARC Reports. Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude – Santosh Ajmera & Nanda Kishore Reddy. Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for IAS General Studies Paper IV – Niraj Kumar. Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude – M Karthikeyan.

Which notes are best for UPSC? ›

UPSC Books – Best Books For IAS Prelims
SubjectUPSC Books
EconomicsIndian Economy by Nitin Singhania Economic Development & Policies in India – Jain & Ohri NCERT XI
International RelationsNCERT XII (Contemporary World Politics) Current Affairs
CSATTata McGraw Hill CSAT Manual Verbal & Non-Verbal Reasoning – R S Aggarwal
4 more rows

How do you score high in ethics paper? ›

General Guidelines for Preparation of Ethics Paper
  1. Know the syllabus - Syllabus of Ethics is your most important book and keywords list in itself. ...
  2. Read limited books. ...
  3. Notes help in keeping keywords together in concise form. ...
  4. See all previous year papers. ...
  5. Reading is not as important as answer writing is for Ethics.
Sep 13, 2018

Who got highest marks in ethics? ›

(Getting Started) Simi Kiran On How She Scored 148 In Ethics Paper AIR-31. Simi Kiran from the steel city of Balasore, Odisha, secured the coveted all-India rank of 31 in the UPSC Civil Services examination 2019.

Who is best for UPSC ethics? ›

List Of Best Ethics Books For UPSC
Book NameAuthor/Publisher
Ethics, Integrity & AptitudeG Subba Rao & P N Roy Chowdhury
Lexicon for Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude for IAS General Studies Paper IVNiraj Kumar
Ethics, Integrity and AptitudeSantosh Ajmera & Nanda Kishore Reddy
3 more rows
Apr 7, 2023

Which optional covers most GS? ›

Public administration covers almost 60% of the GS papers. It is one of the popular Optional Subjects. Its popularity stems from the nature of the Public Administration syllabus and its implementation in the civil services.

Who is the youngest IAS officer in India? ›

Ansar Shaikh cleared UPSC in 2016 with his first attempt and got an All-India Rank 361 to become the youngest IAS officer in India. He followed his UPSC timetable dedicatedly and practised UPSC Previous Year Question Papers religiously.

Who scored highest marks in GS 3? ›

Marks of IAS Toppers Across the Years:
YearName, RankMains
2019Pradeep Singh, 1101
2018Kanishak Kataria, 1

What is the success rate in UPSC? ›

Generally, the UPSC pass percentage, or the chances of an applicant becoming a Civil Services officer, is around 0.2%. Aspirants must leave no stone unturned to prepare well for the forthcoming exam.

Which optional got highest marks in UPSC? ›

List of Optional Subjects by UPSC Toppers 2020. The IAS Topper 2020 [AIR 1] Shubham Kumar had opted for anthropology as his optional subject.

Who got highest interview marks in UPSC? ›

Zainab Sayeed: All-Time Highest UPSC Interview Marks Scorer

By achieving a score of 220 out of 275 during the 2014 Interview, she made history. She had a 25-minute interview and the secret to her success was perseverance and punctuality. She studied for 6-7 hours every day.

What is GS 4 pay for the FBI? ›

GS-4 Federal Employee Base Salary

GS-4 government employees will receive a base salary of between $28,921.00 and $37,597.00, depending on their General Schedule Step.

What is GS-12 rank in the military? ›

Junior Officers

Pay grades GS-10, 11 and 12 are roughly equivalent to a first lieutenant or captain in the army, or to lieutenants and lieutenant-commanders in the navy.

What military rank is a GS-12 equivalent to? ›

Chart of Army Ranks vs. Civilian General Schedule Equivalents
Pay GradeArmy RankGS Grade
O-5Lieutenant ColonelGS-13
O-5Lieutenant ColonelGS-14
28 more rows

How to make ethics notes for UPSC? ›

To make Ethics Notes for UPSC, one should go through the UPSC Syllabus and Ethics Syllabus in detail, prepare a list of keywords that is important for the Ethics paper, Go through the most important and frequently asked topics and cover them in detail, and Refer to the UPSC previous year question papers and solve the ...

What are the quotes of integrity in UPSC? ›

Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless, and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.” Integrity: “The person who is slowest in making a promise is most faithful in its performance.” “Equals should be treated equally and unequals unequally”.

Can I retire after 5 years of federal service? ›

FERS employees are eligible for a full (unreduced) immediate annuity at age 62 with 5 years of service. With 5 years or more service, at age 62 or older, workers can leave federal service and claim a full pension.

Can I negotiate my GS step? ›

Grade or Step Level

Under the government pay system, it can be difficult to negotiate a higher GS level—as the pay grades are called under the government's General Schedule—than the one listed in the job description.

What is the military equivalent of GS? ›

Using your military rank

GS-1 through GS-4 is equivalent the rank E-1 through E-4. A GS-5 position would equate to E-5 or E-6, depending on the position. GS-6 then compares to E-7, GS-7 to E-8, and GS-8 to E-9. Above GS-8 begins incorporating the knowledge and experience of officer classes.

What is attitude Upsc? ›

Attitudes are views, beliefs, or evaluations of people about something (the attitude object). The attitude object can be a person, place, thing, ideology, or an event.

What is integrity UPSC? ›

Integrity is regarded as the honesty and truthfulness or accuracy of one's actions. It is the practice of being honest and showing consistent and uncompromising adherence to strong moral and ethical principles and values.

What is emotional intelligence and how can it be developed Upsc? ›

Emotional Intelligence can be developed in the following ways:
  1. By self-evaluating oneself, an individual can be aware of reactions and emotions in different situations,
  2. By observing other people, one can be able to understand others' feelings.
Feb 17, 2023

Which book is best for practice GS? ›

Summary of the Best General Knowledge (GK) Books for Competitive Exams
Item No.Book Name
1GENERAL STUDIES Manual 2022 |GS Paper 1 | UPSC | Civil Services Prelim | Other State Examinations
2Lucent's General Knowledge with General Science
3Concise General Knowledge Manual 2022
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Which GS book is best for CDS? ›

Which books are best for CDS OTA?
  • Objective General English – S. P. Bakshi.
  • Wren & Martin's High School English Grammar & Composition – Wren and Martin's.
  • Word Power Made Easy – Norman Lewis.
  • Geography, History, Economy – NCERT (Std 6th-12th.
  • General Knowledge – Lucent book and News paper.

Which book is best for GS1 Upsc? ›

Books for GS paper 1
  • India's Struggle For Independence – Bipan Chandra. ( ...
  • Indian Art and Culture – Nitin Singhania. ( ...
  • Norman Lowe OR History of Modern World – Jain and Mathur (World History – GS1)
  • Oxford School Atlas – Oxford. ( ...
  • Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja. ( ...
  • The Wonder That Was India – A.L. Basham. (

Which handwriting is best for UPSC mains? ›

Your letters should not be too small. Increase the size so as to avoid eye strain while reading. If you don't have cursive handwriting, you should leave sufficient space between words. This will improve clarity in writing.

Which is subject to highest success rate in UPSC? ›

Political Science and International Relations

PSIR is a highly popular optional subject with a high success rate in UPSC.

Are digital notes better for UPSC? ›

Sharing is easier: No scanning or copying is required in the case of digital notes. Such notes can be easily shared among your friends and at the same time you also have the actual notes, unlike paper notes, and hence it does not affect your studies for UPSC.

How do you analyze ethics? ›

  1. Recognize there is an issue.
  2. Identify the problem and who is involved.
  3. Consider the relevant facts, laws and principles.
  4. Analyze and determine possible courses of action.
  5. Implement the solution.
  6. Evaluate and follow up.

How do you complete an ethical analysis? ›

A Framework for Ethical Decision Making
  1. Identify the Ethical Issues.
  2. Get the Facts.
  3. Evaluate Alternative Actions.
  4. Choose an Option for Action and Test It.
  5. Implement Your Decision and Reflect on the Outcome.
Nov 5, 2021

How do I study for an ethics exam? ›

To prepare for this exam, first take the time to put together a study plan. This plan should incorporate content review (reading materials, audio, flashcards), as well as question-based practice. Once you have completed most of your content review, it is time to take full-length practice exams.

What is the highest marks in GS paper 4? ›

UPSC GS 4 Paper is of 250 marks and is one of the most scoring GS papers. If students score 120-130 marks in the paper, it is considered a very good score.

What is the average marks in UPSC ethics? ›

About The Course

This paper has the potential of scores ranging from an average of 125 to a high of 160 marks, as opposed to papers such as GS Papers 1 where the average hovers from 80-90 marks to a high of around 120 marks.

Who is the best faculty for ethics? ›

Tirthankar Roychowdhary Sir is known as the best teacher for ethics because of his personalized guidance and hand holding approach for students.

Who is best teacher for essay UPSC? ›

OVERVIEW. EDEN IAS conducts the Essay Writing Course for UPSC CSE Mains under the guidance of one of the best teachers for UPSC exam preparation, Tirthankar Roychowdhary Sir.

Who is the best UPSC teacher in India? ›

Akhilesh Gaur - UPSC Best Teacher

Akhilesh Gaur is one of the best teachers who helped students in UPSC Preparation.

Who is the best polity teacher for UPSC? ›

Dr. Adarsh Kumar is one the best Polity teacher for UPSC Exam. He has 23+ years of experience in teaching, and mentoring 3,00,000+ students for the Civil service exam.

What is the marks of GS 4? ›

Answer: The structure is mentioned below:
  • The GS 4 Paper is divided into 2 sections containing 12 questions. ...
  • Total marks are 250. ...
  • The 10-mark questions should be answered within 150 words whereas the 20-mark questions should be answered within 250 words.

What is the highest marks in maths optional? ›

Who got the highest marks in UPSC optional Mathematics? In UPSC Civil Services Exam 2017, Anubhav Singh got the highest score for the Mathematics Optional subject. He secured 375 marks out of 500 in maths optional.

Who scored highest marks in ethics? ›

1 more row

What is the passing marks in GS? ›

The UPSC Cutoff for Prelims is based on General Studies 1, as the CSAT or General Studies 2 is only qualifying in nature. Qualifying Marks for UPSC Prelims CSAT is at least 33%.

How many questions are asked in GS? ›

How many questions are there in UPSC Mains GS Paper 1? In the UPSC Mains GS1 paper, there are a total of 20 questions. All questions are compulsory, carrying a maximum of 250 marks to be completed in 3 hours of time. The first 10 questions carry 10 marks each, while questions 11 to 20 carry 15 marks each.

What is GS Paper 4? ›

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper IV (GS-IV) is about Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. UPSC GS-IV paper is one of the nine papers of Mains Examination of the IAS Exam. This article gives details on the strategy, structure and syllabus of General Studies Paper IV of the UPSC Civil Service Mains Examination.

Which is the toughest optional subject? ›

Geography is the toughest optional in UPSC.

Which is the easiest and most scoring optional in UPSC? ›

Some of the most popular and easiest optional subjects for the IAS exam are Public Administration, Sociology, Geography, History, Political Science, and Economics.

Which optional is most scoring in UPSC? ›

If a student has a background in science or humanities, subjects like zoology or anthropology can be of great help. A combination of technical and non-technical topics makes geography a good choice for UPSC. Candidates from all backgrounds tend to choose geography as an optional subject.

How many marks did kanishak kataria get in UPSC? ›

Kanishak Kataria secured a total of 1121 marks out of 2025, which included 942 marks in the written examination and 179 marks in the interview round. Candidates can check the mark sheet of the UPSC topper 2018 in the table below.

What is the marks of Tina Dabi in UPSC? ›

She also became the first woman from the SC Category to have topped the UPSC CSE Exam. Dabi got a total of 1063 marks and proceed to secure the All India Rank of AIR 1.

What is the highest marks in IAS interview? ›

The final and most important step in the cycle of the exam is the UPSC Interview/ Personality Test. The interview is worth 275 marks, for a maximum possible score of 2025.

Is 70 a passing score? ›

C is anywhere between 70% and 79% D - this is still a passing grade, and it's between 59% and 69% F - this is a failing grade.

How many questions are in GS Paper 1? ›

UPSC Exam Pattern For IAS Preliminary Examination
Name of the PaperNo of QuestionsMarks Allotted
Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type)100200
Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type)80200


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